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Time-lapse Movies for Geiser et al 2021, mBio, "Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium Exploits Cycling through Epithelial Cells to Colonize Human and Murine Enteroids"

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posted on 12.01.2021, 00:33 by Petra Geiser, Mikael Sellin
Time-lapse movies for Geiser et al 2021, mBio

"Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium Exploits Cycling through Epithelial Cells to Colonize Human and Murine Enteroids"

Abstract:
Enterobacterial pathogens infect the gut by a multistep process, resulting in colonization of both the lumen and the mucosal epithelium. Due to experimental constraints, it remains challenging to address how luminal and epithelium-lodged pathogen populations cross-feed each other in vivo. Enteroids are cultured three-dimensional miniature intestinal organs with a single layer of primary intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) surrounding a central lumen. They offer new opportunities to study enterobacterial infection under near-physiological conditions, at a temporal and spatial resolution not attainable in animal models, but remain poorly explored
in this context. We employed microinjection, time-lapse microscopy, bacterial genetics, and barcoded consortium infections to describe the complete infection cycle of
Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium in both human and murine enteroids. Flagellar motility and type III secretion system 1 (TTSS-1) promoted Salmonella Typhimurium targeting of the intraepithelial compartment and breaching of the epithelial barrier. Strikingly, however, TTSS-1 also potently boosted colonization of the enteroid lumen. By
tracing the infection over time, we identified a cycle(s) of TTSS-1-driven IEC invasion, intraepithelial replication, and reemergence through infected IEC expulsion as a key
mechanism for Salmonella Typhimurium luminal colonization. These findings suggest a positive feed-forward loop, through which IEC invasion by planktonic bacteria fuels further luminal population expansion, thereby ensuring efficient colonization of both the intraepithelial and luminal niches.

Please see Readme.docx for detailed information about each movie.

History

Publisher

Uppsala University

Access request email

mikael.sellin@imbim.uu.se

Licence

Exports